中国中药杂志

2018, v.43(16) 3404-3411

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藏药蓝、黑、杂色3类榜间品种考证研究
Varieties textual research on "Bangjian" : traditional Tibetan medicine including blue,black and variegated flowers

付林;古锐;马逾英;泽翁拥忠;降拥四郎;张静波;
FU Lin;GU Rui;MA Yu-ying;ZEWENG Yong-zhong;JIANGYONG Si-lang;ZHANG Jing-bo;College of Pharmacy,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;College of Ethnomedicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Yutuo Tibetan Medicine Co.,Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

"榜间"即藏药龙胆花,具有解毒及治疗各种热症、喉炎热闭的功效,药用历史悠久。作为藏药常用药物及大宗药物,"榜间"在多个国药准字号的藏药复方制剂均作为主要原料,用于止咳平喘、治疗急慢性支气管炎等呼吸系统疾病。其商品药材在青海、四川、西藏等地药材市场和土特产门市均有出售。但由于藏医药文献对"榜间"常采用"分类式"的记载形式,如根据花色将其分为白、蓝、黑或白、蓝、杂色,导致品种复杂的问题依旧存在。该研究对蓝、黑、杂色榜间品种进行了系统地整理,采用文献整理与医院、药厂、市场调研相结合考证其基原植物的方法,阐明其主流药材。最终确定文献记载其来源共有14个种、3个变种,市场主流品种则来源于多枝组华丽系龙胆,以蓝玉簪龙胆Gentiana veitchiorum为主,以同组同系的华丽龙胆G.sino-omata、线叶龙胆G.lawrencei var.farreri为辅。提出制定质量标准的建议,对"榜间"的合理利用与科学研究提供了参考,对该药的临床、科研和开发有实用价值。
"Bangjian" were traditional Tibetan medicine-flowers from Gentianaceae,which were widely used and had a long medicinal history for the function of detoxifying,curing heat symptoms and treating the laryngitis. The Tibetan compound preparation endowed SFDA approval number always used Bangjian aas the main raw materials for relieving cough,asthma and treating respiratory diseases such as acute and chronic bronchitis. Its commodity medicinal materials were also sold in Qinghai,Sichuan,Tibet and other local medicinal materials market and local specialty marke. However,when recorded by literatures of Tibetan medicine,Bangjian were often classified into white,blue and black or white,blue and variegated according to color of flowers,leading to disordered varieties.In this paper,different Bangjian including their original plants and the main application varieties were studied and authenticated by textual research,wild specimen collection,investigation and collection of samples from Tibetan hospitals,Tibetan pharmaceutical factories and medical material markets. Results showed that Bangjian-including blue,black and variegated flowers were originated from 14 species and 3 varietas according to literatures,and the main application varieties mainly come from Ser. Ornatae of Sect. Monopodiae,such as Gentiana veitchiorum for the most,G. sino-ornata as well as G. lawrencei var. farreri. Suggestion about establishing the quality standard of Bangjian was gived,which provided reference in reasonable use and scientific research for Bangjian,and also had practical value for its clinical use and development.

关键词(KeyWords): 藏药;榜间;品种整理;主流药材
Ttibetan medicine;Bangjian;varieties textual research;main application varieties

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(81603395);; 成都中医药大学科学发展基金成果转化项目(CGPY1604)

作者(Author): 付林;古锐;马逾英;泽翁拥忠;降拥四郎;张静波;
FU Lin;GU Rui;MA Yu-ying;ZEWENG Yong-zhong;JIANGYONG Si-lang;ZHANG Jing-bo;College of Pharmacy,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;College of Ethnomedicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Yutuo Tibetan Medicine Co.,Ltd.;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20180528.005

参考文献(References):

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