中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(16) 3997-4003

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佛手的品种源流及药用食用考
Herbalogical study on original plant and medicinal and edible values of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus

罗思敏;吴孟华;周宇;黄子韩;张英;马志国;曹晖;
LUO Si-min;WU Meng-hua;ZHOU Yu;HUANG Zi-han;ZHANG Ying;MA Zhi-guo;CAO Hui;National Engineering Research Center for Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine Lingnan Resources Branch, Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine of Lingnan(Southern China), College of Pharmacy, Jinan University;

摘要(Abstract):

佛手为常用的药食同源中药,在我国有着悠久的历史。查阅历代本草专著发现,佛手的相关记载模糊、品种来源混乱,历史上出现过不同品种混用的现象。该文通过对历代本草古籍的考察,结合现代文献、权威中草药书籍综合分析,对佛手名称、基原、产地、炮制加工、功效主治进行梳理与考证。结果表明,佛手别名众多,元以前一直存在佛手与香橼混用的现象,至元朝时期才从性味功效上将二者区分开来,基原与今用品种一致,佛手乃枸橼的变种。对佛手原植物形态的记载,以"状如人手,有指"为主要特征。佛手的产地一直较为稳定,以广东、浙江、福建、四川等省为主产区。佛手的药用炮制加工方法记载较少,沿用至今的仅为蒸制,此法可降低辛燥之性;食疗品加工在民间广为流传,以潮州老香黄为代表。2015年版《中国药典》记载佛手有疏肝理气,和胃止痛,燥湿化痰等功效,历代本草描述与之基本一致。该文考证结果可对佛手正本清源,历代佛手的炮制加工及性味功效的整理和总结可为规范其炮制工艺和开发利用提供文献支持。
Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus is a both medicinal and edible species specified by the China Ministry of Health, with a long history in China. According to the ancient monographs about materia medica, it was found that the records of the Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus on the original plants were confused. This paper reviewed the ancient monographs about materia medica, and made a summarization and textual research on the name, origin, habitat, processing methods, medicinal properties and clinicacy efficacy of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus based the comprehensive analysis on modern literatures and authoritative books of Chinese herbal medicine. The results indicated that there were many bynames of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Before the Yuan Dynasty, there was a mixed use of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus and Citri Fructus, which were not distinguished from each other in terms of nature and taste until the Yuan dynasty. Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus was a varietas of Citri Fructus. The main shape of the original plant of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus is "like a human hand with fingers" as recorded in ancient monographs about materia medica. The main places of origin of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were Guangdong, Zhejiang, Fujian, Sichuan, which were relatively stable. There were fewer records about medicinal proces-sing methods of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Only steaming and baking methods were found in ancient monographs about materia medica, and the steaming method could reduce the irritability of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. The processing of therapeutic dietary of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus was widely used in folk, which was represented by Chaozhou Laoxianghuang, a traditional succade made of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. According to the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus had effects in soothing liver and regulating gas, relieving pain in the stomach, eliminating dampness and resolving phlegm, which was basically consistent with the descriptions in ancient monographs about materia medica. This paper defined the original plant of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, and sorted out and summarized the processing methods, nature and taste of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, so as to provide data support for the standardization of the processing technology and the development and utilization of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus.

关键词(KeyWords): 佛手;香橼;品种;本草考证;炮制加工
Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus;Citri Fructus;original plants;herbalogical study;processing

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 第六批全国老中医药专家学术经验继承项目(176-2017-XMZC-0166-01);; 2020年广东省重点领域研发计划(第五批)项目(2020B1111110005)

作者(Author): 罗思敏;吴孟华;周宇;黄子韩;张英;马志国;曹晖;
LUO Si-min;WU Meng-hua;ZHOU Yu;HUANG Zi-han;ZHANG Ying;MA Zhi-guo;CAO Hui;National Engineering Research Center for Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine Lingnan Resources Branch, Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine of Lingnan(Southern China), College of Pharmacy, Jinan University;

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