中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(24) 5329-5335

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中国伞形科药用植物资源信息的收集及整理
Collection and sorting of medicinal plants in Chinese Apiaceae( Umbelliferae)

韦瑾;高玉珍;周静;刘振稳;
WEI Jin;GAO Yu-zhen;ZHOU Jing;LIU Zhen-wen;School of Pharmaceutical Science & Yunnan Key Laboratory of Pharmacology for Natural Products,Kunming Medical University;Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia,Kunming Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

伞形科植物作为一类重要的药用植物在我国用药传统中记录有100多种,其中10余种为常用药材。长期以来由于不同地区间用药习惯的差异及对药材的认识不同,市场上常出现替代品甚至伪品和正品药材混用的现象。鉴于伞形科植物种类繁多,但大多不为人们普遍熟知,因此该文通过市场调查,结合文献资料的查阅对伞形科药用植物的种类、分布和常用药材的价格、地方习用品等信息做了全面地整理和总结。据统计,我国伞形科药用植物有65属262种,其中多以根及根茎入药,分布上,以四川省最为丰富,约有137种,云南、湖北、甘肃等地也有较多种类。另外,该文还总结了柴胡、当归、前胡等11种常见药用植物的正品及地方习用品,发现伞形科药用植物存在不同分类等级上的替代或者混用情况。通过对这一重要的药用植物类群进行全面地梳理,一方面可降低用药风险,另一方面还可以挖掘部分具有潜在药用价值的伞形科类群,实现相关产业的可持续发展。
The family Apiaceae( Umbelliferae) includes some of the world's most important medicinal plants,with more than 100 species recorded in the traditional Chinese medicine,of which more than ten species are commonly used medicinal materials. However,due to morphological similarities,high market demands and regional factors,substitutes and adulterants are often mixed with genuine in the medicinal market. Therefore,a comprehensive sorting for these poorly known plants has been done in this study by combining market survey with literature review,including its species,distribution,price and substitutes. According to the statistics,there are 65 genera and 262 species of medicinal plants of Apiaceae in China,with medicinal part mostly from radix and rhizoma. Sichuan province is the most abundant in distribution and planting resources,with about 137 species,followed by Yunnan,Hubei and Gansu provinces.Furthermore,we summarized the genuine and substitutes of 11 medicinal plants,e. g. Bupleurum,Angelica and Peucedanum etc.,which found that the medicinal plants of Apiaceae were substituted or mixed in different taxonomic ranks. This study would contribute to reduce the risk of medicine misuse,as well as explore other plants of Apiaceae with potential medicinal value,to achieve sustainable development of related industries.

关键词(KeyWords): 伞形科;药用植物;资源利用
Apiaceae(Umbelliferae);medicinal plants;resource and utilization

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(31960048,31460052);; 昆明医科大学百名中青年学术和技术骨干项目(60118260127)

作者(Author): 韦瑾;高玉珍;周静;刘振稳;
WEI Jin;GAO Yu-zhen;ZHOU Jing;LIU Zhen-wen;School of Pharmaceutical Science & Yunnan Key Laboratory of Pharmacology for Natural Products,Kunming Medical University;Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia,Kunming Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences;

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