中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(06) 1564-1573

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不同历史时期本草著作中四川省道地药材分布的演变
Evolution of Sichuan Dao-di herbs recorded in ancient works of materia medica of different historical periods

倪林英;陈铁柱;方清茂;
NI Lin-ying;CHEN Tie-zhu;FANG Qing-mao;Sichuan Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Sciences;Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Quality and Innovation Research of Chinese Materia Medica;Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica;

摘要(Abstract):

四川省是中药资源大省,道地药材丰富,但当今四川省行政区划范围内,道地药材在不同历史时期本草著作中产地记载呈现动态分布变化的过程。该文在认真梳理不同历史时期四川省地理范围的基础上,重点对古今主流本草记载四川省境内道地药材进行本草考证。结果发现:《名医别录》和《本草经集注》记载四川省境内道地药材产地主要以四川省中东部地区为主,主要有麝香、黄连、干姜、附子、花椒、川芎现今仍属四川省道地药材,其余多数已在历史长河中成为有名未用品;《千金翼方》记载产地主要以成都及其周边地区、阿坝州和绵阳3个区域为主,乌头、附子、干姜、羌活、黄连、川芎现今仍属四川省道地药材;《本草图经》记载产地主要以成都平原、宜宾和三台3个区域为主,川楝子、川芎、花椒、乌头、附子、天门冬等现今仍属四川省道地药材;《本草纲目》记载产地以泛四川省为主,黄连、川续断、川楝子、川牛膝现今仍属四川省道地药材;《药物出产辨》和《增订伪药条辨》除了以泛四川省地区记载外,还有康定、松潘、都江堰、江油、南充、雅安和峨眉以小地名记载,麝香、杜仲、黄柏等仍是四川省境内道地药材。升麻、麻黄、川芎、黄连等部分药物在不同历史时期本草著作中在四川省境内的产地也发生过变化。该文考证结果对四川省境内道地药材的历史与分布变迁提供了新的认识,有助于进一步理解川产道地药材的形成内涵。
Sichuan province is very famous for its abundant resources of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM).However, within the scope of administrative division of Sichuan province, the origin records of Dao-di herbs in different historical periods show a dynamic distribution process. On the basis of carefully sorting out the geographical scope of Sichuan province in different historical periods, this article focuses on the textual research of the Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province recorded in the seven mainstream ancient works of materia medica.The results showed that, according to the records of Mingyi bielu and Bencaojing Jizhu, the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the central and eastern regions of Sichuan province, mainly including Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and most of the rest materia medica had become unused in the historical process. Qianjin Yifang records that the distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the middle and eastern part of Sichuan province.Aconiti Radix, Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. According to the book of Bencao Tujing,the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs are Chengdu Plain, Yibin and Santai, While Toosendan Fructus, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Aconiti Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. Ben Cao Gang Mu records the place of origin as Sichuan.Coptidis Rhizoma, Toosendan Fructus, Cyathulae Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan pro-vince. Yaowu Chuchanbian and Zengding Weiyao Tiaobian records the place of origin as Sichuan, as well as Kangding, Songpan, Dujiang-yan, Jiangyou, Nanchong, Ya′an, etc. Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. The results of this article provide a new understanding of the history and distribution changes of Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province, and can help to further understand the formation connotation of Sichuan Dao-di herbs.

关键词(KeyWords): 道地药材;四川;本草考证;历史地理
Dao-di herbs;Sichuan;herbal textual research;historical geography

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1700705);; 2018年中医药公共卫生服务补助专项(财社[2018]43号);; 四川省中医药科学技术研究专项(2018PC011);; 四川省科技计划项目(2021JDRC0043,2020ZHFP0022,2018NZZJ011);; 第六批全国老中医药专家学术经验继承工作继承人培训项目;; 2018年全国中药特色传承人才培训项目;; 第十六批“西部之光”访问学者人才计划项目

作者(Author): 倪林英;陈铁柱;方清茂;
NI Lin-ying;CHEN Tie-zhu;FANG Qing-mao;Sichuan Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Sciences;Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Quality and Innovation Research of Chinese Materia Medica;Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20201214.602

参考文献(References):

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