中国中药杂志

2009, v.34(05) 519-523

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中国道地药材研究20年概论
Survey of investigations on Daodi Chinese medicinal materials in China since 1980s

肖小河;陈士林;黄璐琦;肖培根;
XIAO Xiaohe1*,CHEN Shilin2,HUANG Luqi3,XIAO Peigen2(1.Institute of Chinese Meteria Medica,302 Hospital of PLA,Beijing 100039,China;2.Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Beijing 100094,China;3.Institute of Chinese Meteria Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700,China)

摘要(Abstract):

近20年来,我国道地药材研究取得了3个方面的主要进展:一是发掘和整理了道地药材本草资料,初步理清了道地药材形成的历史原因和规律;二是建立了一系列道地药材鉴定与评价方法,初步赋予道地药材现代科学内涵,推动了中药鉴定学和生药学发展;三是铺垫和推动了中药材GAP生产发展,促进中药材优质高产高效发展,促进农民创收和"三农"问题的解决。但是,当今道地药材研究尚存在一些问题和误区,道地药材品种和产地的认证认可、道地药材商品规格行业标准的制定和实施、道地药材规范化种植与加工等将是今后道地药材研究的重点领域和方向。
In the recent 20 years,three major investigational achievements about Daodi CMM(Chinese medicinal materials) have been made as follows: ① The herbal textual about Daodi CMM have been collected and revised systematically,and the causes and pattern of Daodi CMM formation and development were illustrated.② A series of appraising methods and marks for Daodi CMM have been set up initially,the scientific connotation of Daodi CMM has been clarified primarily,which promotes the development of pharmacognosy discipline consequently.③Based on the Daodi CMM research program,the GAP of CMM with good quality,high yield and best benefit has been carried out elementarily,which is helpful to solve some economic problems and troubles which the peasant,countryside and agriculture always worry about.However,there are still some puzzles and misunderstandings about Daodi CMM to be treated with seriously.The main research aspects of Daodi CMM in the future could be focused on: ① Identification and authentication of the species and producing area of Daodi CMM.② Establishment and implement of the commercial specification criterion of Daodi CMM.③ Standardization of the planting and processing technologies for Daodi CMM.

关键词(KeyWords): 道地药材;研究进展;问题;建议
Daodi Chinese medicinal materials(Daodi CMM);investigational advance;main problem;suggestion

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家杰出青年科学基金项目(30625042);; 国家“十一五”科技支撑计划重点项目(2006038076126)

作者(Author): 肖小河;陈士林;黄璐琦;肖培根;
XIAO Xiaohe1*,CHEN Shilin2,HUANG Luqi3,XIAO Peigen2(1.Institute of Chinese Meteria Medica,302 Hospital of PLA,Beijing 100039,China;2.Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Beijing 100094,China;3.Institute of Chinese Meteria Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700,China)

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