中国中药杂志

2016, v.41(23) 4451-4455

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青藏高原藏药濒危现状及其资源保护策略
Endangered situation and conservation strategy of Tibetan medicine in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

赵彩云;刘欢;苏锦松;李轩豪;贾敏如;张艺;张静;
ZHAO Cai-yun;LIU Huan;SU Jin-song;LI Xuan-hao;JIA Min-ru;ZHANG Yi;ZHANG Jing;College of Ethnic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

随着藏药产业快速发展,对高原药用植物濒危状况的研究不足,保护措施乏力以及高原生态环境固有的脆弱性等因素,造成藏药资源短缺,影响了藏药产业的可持续发展。如何根据已有的藏药资源濒危信息,制定出切实可行的保护计划,是藏药资源合理开发利用亟待解决的问题。为了初步摸清青藏高原濒危藏药的家底,使用《中国珍稀濒危植物》的等级划分方法,整理出青藏高原濒危藏药物种名录,分为一级(濒危)11种、二级(稀有)21种和三级(渐危)42种,共74种。其中除《中国珍稀濒危植物》等国家保护名录收录的,还包括建议增加的青藏高原五省(区)藏区濒危藏药物种。同时结合藏药资源濒危现状,探讨了从定期进行濒危藏药物种的调查、建立濒危藏药的种质资源库、就地保护、人工种植研究和更新观念,合理开发利用五个方面开展工作的保护策略,以期为青藏高原藏药资源保护和可持续发展利用提供科学依据。
With the rapid development of Tibetan medicine industry,the study on plateau medicinal plants' endangered status is not enough,measures to protect is weak and the plateau ecological environment' inherent vulnerability,resulted in the shortage of Tibetan medicinal resources and affect the sustainable development. According to the existing endangered information of Tibetan medicine resources,how to formulate feasible protection plan,is an urgent problem of the rational development and utilization of Tibetan medicine resources to be solved. To find out the endangered Tibetan medicines in Qinghai Tibet Plateau,the Grade division method of Chinese Rare and Endangered Plants was applied,the endangered species were sorted out,which divided into class one( threatened) eleven species,class two( rare) twenty-one species,and class three( fading) forty-two species,a total of seventy-four species. In addition to national protection list in " Chinese rare and endangered plants". It's proposed to increase the endangered Tibetan medicinal species.Finally,according to the endangered status of the resources,from the survey of endangered Tibetan medicinal species regularly,the germplasm repository establishment of endangered Tibetan medicine,in situ conservation,artificial cultivation research and renew the idea,reasonable development and utilization,a total of 5 aspects to discussed the protection strategy,to provide a scientific basis for the protection and sustainable utilization of Tibetan medicine resources in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

关键词(KeyWords): 青藏高原;藏药;濒危等级;资源保护;可持续发展
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau;Tibet medicine;endangered category;resource protection;sustainable development

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81274193,81203000);; 2015年中医药行业科研专项(201507002);; 四川省属高校科研创新团队建设计划项目(11TD004)

作者(Author): 赵彩云;刘欢;苏锦松;李轩豪;贾敏如;张艺;张静;
ZHAO Cai-yun;LIU Huan;SU Jin-song;LI Xuan-hao;JIA Min-ru;ZHANG Yi;ZHANG Jing;College of Ethnic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

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