中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(15) 3151-3156

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基于VFP的中国民族民间“七药”名称规范与品种整理
Name standardization and variety arrangement of Chinese national "Qi medicinal herbs" based on VFP

杨海玲;宋鑫晨;尹鸿翔;张艺;范刚;郑世超;刘秀华;
YANG Hai-ling;SONG Xin-chen;YIN Hong-xiang;ZHANG Yi;FAN Gang;ZHENG Shi-chao;LIU Xiu-hua;College of Ethnic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Center for Academic Inheritance and Innovation of Ethnic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Medical Information Engineering College,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;College of Basic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

"七药"是指中文药名最后一个字是"七",与五劳七伤治疗有关的一类区域性民族民间草药。该研究旨在建立"七药"信息数据库,并对其名称和基原混乱的品种进行整理和规范。基于前期实地调查,采用"文献考证-品种调查-数据挖掘-空间分布"的"七药"品种整理模式,运用Visual Fox Pro 9. 0,建立"七药"信息数据库,采用文献分析法,以Cytoscape 2. 8. 0软件的信息化手段,可视化呈现"七药"资源分布与使用民族的关系。在形成的"七药"信息数据库中共搜集230种药材,涉及66科211种植物,其中有31种"七药"存在以"同名异物""同物异名"为主的混乱现象;中国现行各级药材标准收载"七药"9种,使用最多的民族依次为土家族、羌族、苗族,主要功效为清热解毒,主治为跌打损伤。中国民族民间"七药"名称规范与品种整理,推动"七药"资源的合理保护与利用,为探索民族药的信息技术与地理分布、规范临床用药提供有效参考。
"Qi medicinal herbs" in China refers to a kind of regional national folk herbs related to the treatment of five labors and seven injuries,the last word of which is "Qi". Our study is to sort out and standardize the name and basic confused varieties through the establishment of " Qi medicinal herbs" VFP information database. " Qi medicinal herbs" variety sorting model of " literature research-variety survey-data mining-spatial distribution" was developed by means of literature analysis which the names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" in the literature were summarized and sorted out. The relationship between the distribution of " Qi medicinal herbs" resources and the use of ethnic groups were visualized by Cytoscape 2. 8. 0 software. The information database of " Qi medicinal herbs" involved in 230 kinds of medicinal materials which including 211 species of plants( including varieties) from 66 families. Medicinal materials standard in China have 9 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs". Among them,there are 31 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs" with the confusion of " the different names of the same" and " the different substance of the same names". The most used ethnic groups are Tujia,Qiang and Miao. The main efficacy is clearing heat and detoxification,dispelling wind and removing dampness,etc.,and the main treatment is for injury,rheumatic arthralgia and so on. Names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" among Chinese ethnic groups and folk are standardized and sorted out,which is served to promotethe " Qi medicinal herbs" reasonable protection and utilization of resources,and provide effective reference for exploring the information technology and geographical distribution of ethnic medicine and standardizing clinical medication.

关键词(KeyWords): 七药;品种整理;规范化;名词术语;信息技术
Qi medicinal herbs;variety systematization;standardization;terminology;information technology

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金重大项目(16ZDA238)

作者(Author): 杨海玲;宋鑫晨;尹鸿翔;张艺;范刚;郑世超;刘秀华;
YANG Hai-ling;SONG Xin-chen;YIN Hong-xiang;ZHANG Yi;FAN Gang;ZHENG Shi-chao;LIU Xiu-hua;College of Ethnic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Center for Academic Inheritance and Innovation of Ethnic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Medical Information Engineering College,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;College of Basic Medicine,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

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