中国中药杂志

2015, v.40(23) 4573-4584

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花椒属植物生物碱类成分及其药理活性研究进展
Research progress on alkaloids constituents from Zanthoxylum and their pharmacological activities

袁海梅;邱露;谢贞建;邹亮;郑瑾;付强;
YUAN Hai-mei;QIU Lu;XIE Zhen-jian;ZOU Liang;ZHENG Jin;FU Qiang;School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering,Chengdu University;School of Medicine and Nursing,Chengdu University;Sichuan Industrial Institute of Antibiotics,Chengdu University;

摘要(Abstract):

花椒属植物属芸香科灌木,全世界约有250种,分布于热带和亚热带地区。生物碱是该属植物的特征性成分,主要包括喹啉类,异喹啉类和酰胺类,具有抗肿瘤,抗炎,镇痛,抗病毒,抗血小板凝结,抗菌和抗氧化等活性。花椒属植物作为中药,广泛用于治疗牙痛,泌尿道感染,妇科疾病,疝气,腰痛,风湿病等疾病。该文对花椒属植物生物碱类化学成分和药理活性进行了归纳,以期对花椒属植物生物碱类成分的系统研究和应用提供参考。
There are 250 species of Zanthoxylum( Rutaceae) in the world. This genus distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. Alkaloids are the major and representative ingredients in these plants including quinolines,isoquinolines,and amide alkaloids,with such biological activities as anti-tumor,anti-inflammatory,analgesic,anti-virus,anti-platelet aggregation,anti-bacteria and antioxidant. These species have been used for a long time to treat toothache,urinary and venereal diseases,lumbago and rheumatism. This review summarizes the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities from the Z. sppplants,in an effort to the systematic research and application of the alkaloids of this genus.

关键词(KeyWords): 芸香科;花椒属;生物碱;药理活性
Rutaceae;Zanthoxylum;alkaloids;pharmacological activities

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基金项目(Foundation): 湖南省战略性新兴科技攻关类项目(2014GK1027);; 成都大学特聘研究员科研基金项目(2081915021)

作者(Author): 袁海梅;邱露;谢贞建;邹亮;郑瑾;付强;
YUAN Hai-mei;QIU Lu;XIE Zhen-jian;ZOU Liang;ZHENG Jin;FU Qiang;School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering,Chengdu University;School of Medicine and Nursing,Chengdu University;Sichuan Industrial Institute of Antibiotics,Chengdu University;

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