中国中药杂志

2009, v.34(14) 1751-1757

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近红外光谱技术及其在中药道地性研究中的应用
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology and its application in geoherbs

郭兰萍;黄璐琦;Christian W Huck;
GUO Lanping1,HUANG Luqi1,CHRISTIAN W Huck2(1.Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medicinal Sciences,Beijing 100700,China;2.Institue of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry,University of Innsbruck,Innsbruck 6020,Austria)

摘要(Abstract):

作者在介绍了近红外光谱化学原理、光学原理、信息学原理及化学计量学分析的基础上,分析了近红外光谱分析的特点及道地性研究和道地药材鉴别的难点,进而指出近红外光谱的全息性特征,使其在道地性研究中具有极大优势。重点以道地药材的近红外鉴别和道地性研究为目标,借鉴农牧业、食品、烟酒等其他行业的研究成果,分析并阐明了近红外光谱在道地药材鉴别和评价,道地药材生境研究及评价,道地药材遗传特异性研究方面应用的现实性。并讨论了模型的可靠性、适用性和可推广性几个近红外光谱在道地药材研究应用中的关键问题,为道地性现代诠释及道地药材鉴别提出了新思路和新方法。
This review introduce of new technique and method for geoherbs analysis.After reviewing the chemical principle,optical principle and the chemometer of near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS),it analyzed the characteristic of NIRS and the difficulties of geoherbs analysis,and pointed out that NIRS had great advantage in geoherbs analysis for its full information.Referring the outcomes of NIRS in food industry,agriculture products,wines,forages,etc,it emphasized the utilization of NIRS in geoherbs,which may mainly focus on identification,and genetic characters research,as well as habitat evaluation of geoherbs.At finally,it discussed some key points which may determine NIRS utilization in geoherbs,such as reliability,applicability,and popularity.

关键词(KeyWords): 近红外光谱;道地药材;鉴别;道地性
near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS);geoherbs;identification;geoherbism

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(30672616);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2006CB504700);; 国家中医药管理局行业专项项目(200707014);; 国家“十一五”科技支撑计划项目(2006BAI09B03);; 国家中医药管理局中医药标准化项目(ZYYS-2008)

作者(Author): 郭兰萍;黄璐琦;Christian W Huck;
GUO Lanping1,HUANG Luqi1,CHRISTIAN W Huck2(1.Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medicinal Sciences,Beijing 100700,China;2.Institue of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry,University of Innsbruck,Innsbruck 6020,Austria)

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