中国中药杂志

1999, (01) 3-5

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益母草属植物药材的鉴别 Ⅱ 叶、花的表面特征
Identification of Crude Drugs from Genus Leonurus Ⅱ Leaf and Flower Surface Characters

晁志,周秀佳,马丽玲,何波
Chao Zhi and Zhou Xiujia (Faculty of Pharmacognosy,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Shanghai 200032) Ma Liling(Yichun Health School of Jiangxi Province,Yichun 336000) He Bo(Shanghai Qunli Folk Drugs Store,Shanghai 200002)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:用叶、花表面特征鉴别益母草属9种1变种植物药材。方法:常规表面制片,显微镜下观察比较。结果:发现了比较明显的鉴别特征,并用图表示出。结论:各种非腺毛的特征,如形状、长度、分枝状况等,对益母草类药材有鉴别意义;叶常数、簇晶也有参考价值;而光镜下花粉粒、分泌组织等不宜作为鉴别特征
Objective:To identify the crude drugs originated from 9 species and 1 variety of genus Leonurus(called Yimucao)through leaf and flower surface characters.Method:Routine slide processing and the characters under microscope were observed and compared.Results:Obvious characteristics for identification were revealed.Conclusion:The shape and length of non glandular hairs are useful in identifying this sort of crude drugs.Leaf constants and cluster crystals are also useful as reference.However,pollen grains and secretory tissues are worthless.

关键词(KeyWords): 益母草,益母草属,生药鉴定,表面特征
Yimucao;Leonurus;crude drug identification;surface characters

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作者(Author): 晁志,周秀佳,马丽玲,何波
Chao Zhi and Zhou Xiujia (Faculty of Pharmacognosy,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Shanghai 200032) Ma Liling(Yichun Health School of Jiangxi Province,Yichun 336000) He Bo(Shanghai Qunli Folk Drugs Store,Shanghai 200002)

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