中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(23) 5031-5041

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碳纳米管在农药残留检测中的研究进展及在中药中的应用展望
Research developments for using of carbon nanotubes in pesticide residues detection and their application prospects in traditional Chinese medicines

赵祥升;李倩;杨美华;
ZHAO Xiang-sheng;LI Qian;YANG Mei-hua;Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of Resources Conservation and Development of Southern Medicine,Hainan Branch of the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College;Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;

摘要(Abstract):

农药是中药材中主要外源性有害残留物之一,由其带来的潜在安全问题影响了中药行业持续健康的发展。碳纳米管(carbon nanotubes,CNTs)因其独特的结构和性质,广泛地应用于分析化学等领域。该文介绍了碳纳米管的结构及复合材料的制备方法,重点总结了CNTs在固相萃取、固相微萃取、分散固相萃取、基质固相分散等农药残留前处理技术中的应用进展,并结合中药中农药残留污染特点和限量标准,概述了CNTs在农药残留检测中应用现状,并展望了CNTs在中药材农药残留中的应用前景。
Pesticides are one of the main exogenous harmful residues in traditional Chinese medicines( TCMs),and the potential safety problems caused by pesticides affect the sustained and healthy development of TCMs. Carbon nanotubes( CNTs) possessed unique structure and properties,and widely used in analytical chemistry and other areas. In this review,the structure of CNTs and preparation method of composite material were summed up. Then,the application of CNTs in the pre-treatment technique of pesticides residues such as solid-phase extraction,solid phase micro-extraction,dispersive solid-phase extraction,matrix solid phase dispersion for detection of pesticides in different matrices were discussed in detail. In addition,the characteristics of pesticides in TCMs and maximum levels of pesticide residues in TCMs were investigated. Finally,the development and problems of CNTs in the determination of pesticide residues in TCMs were prospected.

关键词(KeyWords): 碳纳米管;农药残留;前处理;中药材
carbon nanotubes;pesticide residues;pre-treatment;traditional Chinese medicines

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81603398);; 中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程项目(2017-I2M-1-013)

作者(Author): 赵祥升;李倩;杨美华;
ZHAO Xiang-sheng;LI Qian;YANG Mei-hua;Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of Resources Conservation and Development of Southern Medicine,Hainan Branch of the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College;Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;

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