中国中药杂志

2014, v.39(22) 4311-4316

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贵州仿野生栽培红天麻的生活史及物候期研究
Research on life history and phenological period of wild-stimulated cultivated Gastrodia elata f. elata in Guizhou

张博华;刘威;赵致;罗夫来;刘红昌;黄明进;王华磊;李金玲;罗春丽;文平;陈文宇;
ZHANG Bo-hua;LIU Wei;ZHAO Zhi;LUO Fu-lai;LIU Hong-chang;HUANG Ming-jin;WANG Hua-lei;LI Jin-ling;LUO Chun-li;WEN Ping;CHEN Wen-yu;Agricultural College,Guizhou University;Key Laboratory of Propagation and Cultivation on Traditional Medicinal Materials;Dafang County Jiulong Rhizoma Gastrodiae Development Co. ,Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

为掌握仿野生栽培红天麻的生活史及物候期,在贵州大方县采用林下仿野生模式栽培红天麻,观察并记录其生长发育各阶段特征。整理的历时24个月的贵州仿野生栽培红天麻生活史,将贵州仿野生栽培红天麻无性繁殖与有性繁殖中箭麻繁育物候期各自划分出5个时期,并详述各期特点。其结果可明确贵州红天麻仿野生栽培流程,为仿野生栽培天麻技术标准的研究与制订提供理论支撑。
In order to get to know the imitation of wild Gastrodia elata in life history and phenology period,by G. elata f. elata forest wild simulated cultivation in Dafang county,Guizhou province,observing and recording its morphological characteristics of each growth and development stage. This experiment summarized the law of its life history over 24 months,amplified the characteristics of each 5 phenology periods over the sexual and asexual reproduction of wild simulated cultivated G. elata f. elata in Guizhou. Which the results could clear the process of wild simulated cultivated G. elata f. elata in Guizhou,and provide a theoretical support for the standard technical of the simulated wild G. elata.

关键词(KeyWords): 天麻;仿野生栽培;生活史;物候期
Gastrodia elata;wild simulated cultivation;life history;phenology period

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAI13B04-03);; 贵州省科技厅计划项目[黔科合计Z字(2010)4015];; 贵州省药用植物繁育与种植人才基地项目[黔人领发[2013]15号]

作者(Author): 张博华;刘威;赵致;罗夫来;刘红昌;黄明进;王华磊;李金玲;罗春丽;文平;陈文宇;
ZHANG Bo-hua;LIU Wei;ZHAO Zhi;LUO Fu-lai;LIU Hong-chang;HUANG Ming-jin;WANG Hua-lei;LI Jin-ling;LUO Chun-li;WEN Ping;CHEN Wen-yu;Agricultural College,Guizhou University;Key Laboratory of Propagation and Cultivation on Traditional Medicinal Materials;Dafang County Jiulong Rhizoma Gastrodiae Development Co. ,Ltd.;

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