中国中药杂志

2010, v.35(03) 385-388

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药用植物空间育种研究进展
Research progress on mutation by spaceflight in medicinal plants breeding

严硕;高文远;路福平;赵润怀;
YAN Shuo1,GAO Wenyuan1,2,LU Fuping2 ,ZHAO Runhuai3 (1.College of Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Tianjin University,Tianjin,300072,China; 2.Institute of Biological Engineering of Chinese Medicine Tianjin University of Science and Technology,Tianjin 300074,China; 3 China National Group Corp of Traditional & Herbal Medicine,Beijing,100195,China)

摘要(Abstract):

药用植物空间育种是我国特色,我国的空间技术在药用植物上的应用与其他植物相比,尽管数量相对较少,但特色较明显。药用植物搭载研究也已经深入到各个方面,如生物学性状,生理生化,基因组以及化学成分的差异,另外化学成分分析也有涉及。但与其他植物特别是农作物和蔬菜的空间生物学研究相比存在着明显的缺陷,主要体现在遗传育种方面的研究明显不足,对性状遗传稳定性的研究未能一代一代地跟踪研究,且未能在品种选育方面深入系统的研究下去。若能从空间搭载资源中选育出遗传稳定性好的优良种质资源,对于解决药用植物资源匮乏的问题,缓解野生药用植物资源压力具有重要作用,同时推动我国空间药用植物学的发展和中药现代化的实施。
Space breeding in medicinal plants is special characteristics in China. Compared with other plants,in spite of a relatively small number,Medicinal plants have more obvious characteristics and advantages. Research on medicinal plants has also been carried into all aspects,such as biological traits,physiology and biochemistry,genomics,as well as differences in chemical composition,and chemical composition analysis is also involved. However,compared with other plants,especially crops and vegetables,biological research is an obvious deficiency,that is mainly reflected in the insufficient genetics and breeding researches,the stability of genetic traits from generation to generation were not followed up and in-depth study in breeding areas was not carried out. If medicinal plants resources from space with the genetic stability good quality were selected,it would address the problem of lack of resources and ease the pressure on wild resources of medicinal plants. It would at the same time play an important role in promoting the development of medicinal botany space breeding and the implementation of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine.

关键词(KeyWords): 药用植物;航空搭载;空间育种
medicinal plants; carried by spaceflight; spaceflight breeding

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(30472148,30772732)

作者(Authors): 严硕;高文远;路福平;赵润怀;
YAN Shuo1,GAO Wenyuan1,2,LU Fuping2 ,ZHAO Runhuai3 (1.College of Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Tianjin University,Tianjin,300072,China; 2.Institute of Biological Engineering of Chinese Medicine Tianjin University of Science and Technology,Tianjin 300074,China; 3 China National Group Corp of Traditional & Herbal Medicine,Beijing,100195,China)

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