中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(24) 5508-5512

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

青翘与老翘优劣的本草探析
Herbalogical study on merit rating of Forsythiae Fructus based on near-mature fruit and hyper-mature fruit

吴孟华;石上梅;曹晖;
WU Meng-hua;SHI Shang-mei;CAO Hui;Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine of Lingnan( Southern China) ,College of Pharmacy,Jinan University;Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission;

摘要(Abstract):

该文针对目前青翘与老翘孰优孰劣的争议,从连翘的名称、品种、产地、采收加工、药用部位、药性、临床功效等方面进行本草考证。结果表明,连翘在唐代以前以藤黄科湖南连翘(黄海棠、旱莲草) Hyperium ascyron、小连翘H. erectum的地上部分入药;南北朝至唐代藤黄科草本类连翘和木犀科连翘(大翘) Forsythia suspensa并用;宋代之后,木犀科连翘为主流品种。随入药品种的变化,连翘产区亦有所变迁,藤黄科草本连翘汉代至唐代主要产于黄河流域,宋代以后产于江南地区;木犀科灌木连翘自唐宋至今,主产地集中于山西、河南、山东、陕西至四川北部等地,目前以山西、河南产量最大。木犀科连翘按采收时间不同,分为青翘与老翘,青翘为近成熟果实,老翘为成熟果实。连翘具有清热解毒,消肿散结,疏风散热的功效,临床应用中,历代本草及医家多以青翘为优,清代中期至民国个别使用老翘。现代主要药效成分与药效学研究同样印证青翘优于老翘。研究结果可为青翘的主流用药及现行《中国药典》含量测定指标的合理性提供文献支持。
Forsythiae Fructus( Lianqiao) is classed from near-mature fruit and hyper-mature fruit,which are named as Qingqiao and Laoqiao,respectively. This article was based on the different views of which was better,Qingqiao or Laoqiao. Acorrding to the naming,varieties,habitat,harvesting and processing,used parts,medicinal properties and clinical efficacy,the herbalogical study was carried out. The results showed that Lianqiao had been sourced from the areial part of Hypericum ascyron and H. erectum of Clusiaceae before Tang Dynasty. Beside the former,and the fruit of Forsythia suspensa of Oleaceae was newly used as Lianqiao during the Southern and Northern Dynasties to the Tang Dynasty. The later had been the only origin of Lianqiao since the Song Dynasty. With the change of the medicinal varieties,the habitats of Lianqiao has also changed. The varieties of Clusiaceae were mainly produced in the Yellow River Basin from the Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty. After the Song Dynasty,they were produced in the south of the Yangtze River. The variety of Oleaceae was mainly produced in Shanxi,Henan,Shandong,Shaanxi,and northern Sichuan from the Tang and Song Dynasties. Currently,Shanxi and Henan have the largest output. Traditionally,there were two commercial varieties including Qingqiao and Laoqiao of Lianqiao based on the harvesting time. In traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theory,Lianqiao removes evil heat and relieves toxicity,removes swelling and resolves enlarged nodes. Accroding to the effects of Lianqiao,Qingqiao was considered to be better than Laoqiao in TCM clinic. The modern research on main medicinal constituents and pharmacodynamic effects also confirmed the above mentioned facts. This paper can provide literature support for the rationalities of Qingqiao's mainstream medication and assay standard of Lianqiao in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

关键词(KeyWords): 连翘;青翘;老翘;本草考证
Forsythia suspensa;Qingqiao(near-mature fruit of Forsythia suspensa);Laoqiao(hyper-mature fruit of Forsythia suspensa);herbalogical study

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家药典委员会药品标准制修订研究课题(2018Z006,2018Z007,2018Z008);; 国家中药标准化项目(ZYBZH-Y-GD-13)

作者(Author): 吴孟华;石上梅;曹晖;
WU Meng-hua;SHI Shang-mei;CAO Hui;Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine of Lingnan( Southern China) ,College of Pharmacy,Jinan University;Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission;

Email:

DOI:

参考文献(References):

扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享