中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(24) 6065-6071

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《本草图经》果部、菜部、米部药图分析
Analysis of medicine paintings of fruit, vegetable and rice sections of Ben Cao Tu Jing

彭华胜;黄璐琦;
PENG Hua-sheng;HUANG Lu-qi;School of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine;Research Unit of Dao-di Herbs, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

《本草图经》是迄今存世的最早版刻本本草图谱,绘有933幅药图。该文以《本草图经》果部、菜部和米部药图进行分析,以探讨药图类型以及药图绘制时相关信息。《本草图经》果部、菜部与米部共76幅图,可分为折枝图、绘有地面图、无根植株图与有根部的完整植株图4种类型,其中前三者类型在唐宋画中均有类似图,带根的全株植物图可称为《本草图经》创立的中国特色的药图类型。该4种类型图对后世本草图谱,如《履巉岩本草》《救荒本草》《本草品汇精要》《质问本草》《植物名实图考》均产生了深远影响。对后世影响最大的是折枝图与有根部的完整植株图2种类型,在当代《中药材品种论述》《中华本草》等重要中药学著作得到继承与发扬。果部、菜部与米部植物图具有很高写实性与艺术性,不仅有承载传达药用知识的作用,同时具有独特的审美价值,可以推断《本草图经》至少果部、菜部与米部植物部分图有专业画家的直接参与。另外,通过几组图绘制风格高度一致,推断无地名图很可能为编纂团队统一绘制,且地方献图可能经过了后期编纂团队的修正与完善。
Ben Cao Tu Jing is the earliest version of block-printed edition for herbals so far, with 933 medicinal paintings. In this paper, it analyzed the medicine paintings in the Fruit, Vegetable and Rice Sections of Ben Cao Tu Jing, as well as discussed the types of medicine paintings and relevant information when they were drawn. There are a total of 76 paintings in the fruits, vegetables and rice sections of Ben Cao Tu Jing, which can be divided into four types: broken branch paintings, ground paintings, rootless plant paintings and the whole plant with root paintings. The first three paintings were similar to the paintings of Tang and Song, and the paintings of the whole plant with root can be called the type of medicine paintings with Chinese characteristics created by Ben Cao Tu Jing. These four types of paintings had a profound impact on the later illustrations of medicinal materials, such as Lv Chan Yan Ben Cao, Jiu Huang Ben Cao, Ben Cao Pin Hui Jing Yao, Zhi Wen Ben Cao, Zhi Wu Ming Shi Tu Kao. The two types that had the greatest impact on later generations are the broken branch paintings and the whole plant with roots paintings, which had been inherited and developed in contemporary Chinese pharmacy books such as Zhong Yao Cai Pin Zhong Lun Shu and Zhong Hua Ben Cao. The paintings of the fruits, vegetables and rice sections are highly realistic and artistic, not only carrying the role of conveying medicinal knowledge, but also having unique aesthetic value. It can be inferred that the fruits, vegetables and rice sections had the participation of professional painters at least. In addition, through the highly consistent drawing styles of several sets of paintings, it is concluded that the paintings without place names were likely to be drawn uniformly by the editing team, and the local paintings may have been revised and improved by the editing team lately.

关键词(KeyWords): 本草图经;药图;本草考证
Ben Cao Tu Jing;illustrations of medicinal materials;herbal textual research

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81973432,81773853);; 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程项目(2019-I2M-5-065)

作者(Author): 彭华胜;黄璐琦;
PENG Hua-sheng;HUANG Lu-qi;School of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine;Research Unit of Dao-di Herbs, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200925.101

参考文献(References):

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