中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(24) 5345-5351

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中药功能性软糖的研究进展
Research progress on functional soft candy of traditional Chinese medicine

王艳宏;栾宁;樊建;李洪晶;盛开;陈大忠;
WANG Yan-hong;LUAN Ning;FAN Jian;LI Hong-jing;SHENG Kai;CHEN Da-zhong;Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

中药功能性软糖具有补充维生素、增强免疫力、辅助降血糖、辅助降血脂、辅助降血压、通便、减肥和抗氧化等保健功效,改善了传统给药剂型的不良味道和不适应性,从而引起人们的广泛关注。文章选择经国家食品药品监督管理总局批准的"药食同源"的中药材、凝胶剂和甜味剂制成的中药功能性软糖和保健食品为研究对象,对保健食品剂型及功效的研究现状、中药功能性软糖的功能因子、凝胶剂、甜味剂、生产工艺、质量评价等方面进行梳理与分析,并讨论其存在的问题与发展前景;查阅近几年发表的中药功能性软糖和保健食品研究的相关文献,对其剂型、保健功效、凝胶剂、甜味剂、生产工艺、质量评价、安全性问题等进行分析、归纳和总结,指出中药功能性软糖研究中存在的问题,例如:软糖的感官评价存在差异;几种功效类似的凝胶剂和甜味剂合用对人体健康是否存在影响;保健食品中存在的法律法规不完善和质量评价缺乏统一标准等问题。综上所述,中药功能性软糖是一种新型的保健食品,改变了以胶囊剂、片剂为主的保健食品剂型,顺应消费者生理和心理需求,符合《"健康中国2030"规划纲要》的要求。
Functional soft candy of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) can be used to supplement vitamins,enhance immunity,assist in lowering blood sugar,assist in lowering blood lipid,assist in lowering blood pressure,relax the bowel,reduce weight and fight againstoxidation.It has attracted much attention due to its effective improvement in the bad taste and incompatibility of traditional medicines.TCM functional soft candy and health food made by gel,sweetener and Chinese herbal medicines( which can be used both as food and medicine) approved by the State Food and Drug Administration were selected as the research objects in this paper.We combed and analyzed the research situation of health food dosage forms and effects,the functional factors of TCM functional soft candy,gelatin,sweetener,production process,and quality evaluation,etc.,and then,we discussed their existing problems and development prospects.After reviewing the relevant literature on TCM functional soft candy and health food researches published in recent years,we analyzed and summarized their dosage forms,health effects,gels,sweeteners,production process,quality evaluation and safety.The following problems in the research of TCM functional soft candy were pointed out: for examples,differences in the sensory evaluation of soft candy;whether the combination of several similar gels and sweeteners had an effect on human health; the lack of laws and regulations in health foods and the lack of uniform standards for quality evaluation.In summary,TCM functional soft candy is a new type of health food,which changes the dosage form of health food based on capsules and tablets.This move conforms to the physiological and psychological needs of consumers.Therefore,it is in line with the requirement of " Health China 2030" Planning Outline.

关键词(KeyWords): 软糖;魔芋胶;糖醇;低聚糖;保健食品
soft candy;Konjac glucomannan;sugar alcohol;oligosaccharide;health-food

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81473359);; 黑龙江中医药大学科研基金项目(2018jkcy03)

作者(Author): 王艳宏;栾宁;樊建;李洪晶;盛开;陈大忠;
WANG Yan-hong;LUAN Ning;FAN Jian;LI Hong-jing;SHENG Kai;CHEN Da-zhong;Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine;

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