中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(15) 3268-3274

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质量常数方法应用于枳实饮片等级评价研究
Application of quality constant method in grade evaluation of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces

张国瑗;沈立;石佳;邓哲;章军;王跃生;刘安;
ZHANG Guo-yuan;SHEN Li;SHI Jia;DENG Zhe;ZHANG Jun;WANG Yue-sheng;LIU An;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;China Traditional Chinese Medicine Holdings Co.,Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

中药材及其饮片的等级划分一直以来都是行业内研究的热点问题。在追求产量和短期效益的情况下,传统等级评价方法已经难以适用于如今饮片质量现状。枳实是江西道地药材,应用广泛,但市面上枳实质量层次不齐。该文采用质量常数方法评价枳实质量等级,建立枳实饮片等级评价标准,为枳实饮片"优质优价"奠定基础。从市场上收集16批枳实饮片,按照中药饮片质量常数方法划分饮片等级。所收集饮片分为半球形和片形2种类型,根据不同片形分别划分等级。半球形枳实一等饮片质量常数≥1. 11,二等饮片质量常数为<1. 11且≥0. 69,三等饮片质量常数<0. 69;片型枳实:一等饮片质量常数≥0. 024,二等饮片质量常数应为<0. 024且≥0. 015,三等饮片质量常数<0. 015。该文结果表明质量常数等级评价方法能客观的划分枳实饮片等级,为规范市场行为提供了依据,同时为球形或片形饮片的等级划分提供了有益的参考。
The grade classification of Chinese herbal medicines and their decoction pieces has always been a hot issue in the industry. In the trading history of Chinese herbal medicine,buyers and sellers often determine the price according to quality,so the naturally formed specifications and grades are changing with the change of technology and the increasing demand of the public for medical care.The planting,processing and circulation methods of Chinese medicinal materials have also changed greatly. Under the mode of pursuing yield and short-term benefit,the traditional rating evaluation method has been difficult to be used in the current quality status of prepared slices. Aurantii Fructus Immaturus is a genuine medicinal material of Jiangxi province,which is widely used,but has different quality levels on the market. In this paper,the quality levels were evaluated by the mass constant method. A set of grading method of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices was established,laying a foundation for " high quality and high price" Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices. The grading method of Chinese herbal slices with quality constant was applied to 16 batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices collected form the market,and the final assessment results were as follows for different piece shapes( hemispherical type and thin type)respectively. The hemispherical Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥1. 11 for the first grade,< 1. 11 but ≥0. 69 for the second grade,and <0. 69 for the third grade. The thin type Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥0. 024 for the first grade,<0. 024 but ≥0. 015 for the second grade,and <0. 015 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants grading method can be used to objectively classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine,providing basis for standardizing market behavior and providing useful reference for grading of hemispherical or thin Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces.

关键词(KeyWords): 质量常数;饮片等级;枳实
quality constant;pieces grade;Aurantii Fructus Immaturus

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81703945);; 国家中医药管理局中药标准化项目(ZYBZH-Y-JX-27);; 北京市科委“十病十药”研发专项(Z171100001717029)

作者(Author): 张国瑗;沈立;石佳;邓哲;章军;王跃生;刘安;
ZHANG Guo-yuan;SHEN Li;SHI Jia;DENG Zhe;ZHANG Jun;WANG Yue-sheng;LIU An;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;China Traditional Chinese Medicine Holdings Co.,Ltd.;

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