中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(18) 3639-3644

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天麻道地产区的形成与变迁
Study on formation and changes of Dao-di herbs production origin of Gastrodia elata

刘大会;龚文玲;詹志来;彭华胜;王晓;陈科力;黄必胜;郭兰萍;
LIU Da-hui;GONG Wen-ling;ZHAN Zhi-lai;PENG Hua-sheng;WANG Xiao;CHEN Ke-li;HUANG Bi-sheng;GUO Lan-ping;Pharmacy Faculty,Hubei University of Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs,Institute of Chinese Material Medica,China Academy of Chinese Material Science;Pharmacy Faculty,Anhui University of Chinese Medicine;Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Quality Control Technology,Shandong Analysis and Test Center;

摘要(Abstract):

天麻在我国已有2 000多年应用历史,为名贵中药材。天麻产地最早的记载为魏晋时期《吴普本草》所述的山东泰山和河南嵩山,并一直以山东泰安及其周边地区为道地产区,但从民国开始天麻产地发生了较大变化,道地产区向西迁移到西南地区。因此该文通过文献考证和实地走访调查,探讨分析了天麻道地产区的形成过程与产地变迁情况,介绍了天麻人工栽培历史和当前主流产地,并从自然、社会、交通、人文和种质资源方面分析了天麻道地产区形成和产地变迁的原因,从而为天麻质量评价和栽培生产研究提供参考。
Gastrodia elata has been used in China for more than 2 000 years and it is a kind of valuable traditional Chinese medicine. The originrecords of G. elata were Mount Tai of Shandong and and Mount Song of Henan,which began in Wupu Bencao of Wei Jin Dynasties,and Tai'an and its surrounding areas had been the Do-di herbs production areas. But from the beginning of the Republic of China,G. elata origin has undergone major changes,Do-di herbs production areas moved westward to the southwest. In this paper,through literature research and field visits,we studied the formation and changes of Do-di herbs production areas of G. elata. The cultivation history and current main producing area of G. elata was also introduced. On this basis,we profoundly summarized the reasons of Do-di herbs production areas formation and changes from the nature, society, transportation, humanities and germplasm resources. Combining the ancient herbal medicine and the characteristics of modern producing areas,the planting strength of G. elata could be strengthened in the hope of providing reference for the quality evaluation and cultivation of G. elata.

关键词(KeyWords): 天麻;本草考证;道地产区;栽培产区;产地变迁
Gastrodia elata;herbalogical study;Do-di herbs production origin;cultivated area;changes of producing areas

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAK13B04)

作者(Author): 刘大会;龚文玲;詹志来;彭华胜;王晓;陈科力;黄必胜;郭兰萍;
LIU Da-hui;GONG Wen-ling;ZHAN Zhi-lai;PENG Hua-sheng;WANG Xiao;CHEN Ke-li;HUANG Bi-sheng;GUO Lan-ping;Pharmacy Faculty,Hubei University of Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs,Institute of Chinese Material Medica,China Academy of Chinese Material Science;Pharmacy Faculty,Anhui University of Chinese Medicine;Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Quality Control Technology,Shandong Analysis and Test Center;

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DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20170714.004

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