中国中药杂志

2018, v.43(02) 261-266

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不同贮藏时间硫熏天麻化学成分及二氧化硫变化规律研究
Changes of chemical compositions and sulfur dioxide residues of Gastrodiae Rhizoma with different storage times

康传志;蒋靖怡;杨婉珍;周利;吕朝耕;李佳兴;王升;周涛;杨野;黄璐琦;郭兰萍;
KANG Chuan-zhi;JIANG Jing-yi;YANG Wan-zhen;ZHOU Li;LV Chao-geng;LI Jia-xing;WANG Sheng;ZHOU Tao;YANG Ye;HUANG Lu-qi;GUO Lan-ping;State Key Laboratory and Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Kunming University of Science and Technology;

摘要(Abstract):

研究不同贮藏时间对硫熏天麻化学成分和二氧化硫残留量的影响,为解决硫磺熏蒸天麻药材质量和安全问题提供科学依据。将天麻与硫磺熏蒸天麻及其饮片在相同条件下贮藏,分别测定天麻8种有效成分和二氧化硫残留量。结果发现,硫熏后天麻及其饮片中天麻素类含量相比未硫熏天麻显著降低,且硫熏天麻中的二氧化硫残留量显著高于硫熏天麻饮片中的,即在相同条件下,硫熏对天麻质量的影响程度显著大于天麻饮片。在8个月的贮藏时间内,天麻药材中8种化学成分含量整体变化不大。但贮藏4个月后,天麻、硫熏天麻及其饮片中的化学成分和二氧化硫残留量均出现显著变化,并且天麻药材中二氧化硫残留量降幅较大,可达50%以上。
To study the effect of different storage time on the chemical compositions and sulfur dioxide residues of sulfur-fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma( GR),and provide scientific basis for solving the quality and safety issues of sulfur-fumigated traditional Chinese medicinal materials. GR,sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices were stored under the same conditions,and then 8 active ingredients and sulfur dioxide residues were measured respectively. The results showed that the content of gastrodins in sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices was significantly lower than that in the non-fumigated GR. Moreover,the content of sulfur dioxide residue in sulfur-fumigated GR was significantly higher than that in its medicinal slices. That is to say,sulfur fumigation degree had significantly higher effect on GR quality as compared with its medicinal slices. During the whole storage time( 8 months),the content of the eight chemical components in GR was not changed greatly in general. However,after the storage for 4 months,the content of 8 components and sulfur dioxide residues in all of GR samples were significantly changed. In particular,the content of sulfur dioxide residue in GR medicinal materials decreased up to 50 % or more.

关键词(KeyWords): 硫磺熏蒸;贮藏时间;天麻;二氧化硫残留量;药材质量
sulfur fumigation;storage time;Gastrodiae Rhizoma;sulfur dioxide residue;quality of medicinal material

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81325023,81473307);; 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1700701);; 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 发改委标准化项目(ZYBZH-C-HLJ-17);; 中国中医科学院博士研究生创新人才培养基金项目(CX201705);; 云南省科技计划项目(2017 ZF014)

作者(Author): 康传志;蒋靖怡;杨婉珍;周利;吕朝耕;李佳兴;王升;周涛;杨野;黄璐琦;郭兰萍;
KANG Chuan-zhi;JIANG Jing-yi;YANG Wan-zhen;ZHOU Li;LV Chao-geng;LI Jia-xing;WANG Sheng;ZHOU Tao;YANG Ye;HUANG Lu-qi;GUO Lan-ping;State Key Laboratory and Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Kunming University of Science and Technology;

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DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20171023.004

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