中国中药杂志

2010, v.35(16) 2057-2060

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虻虫药材性状显微特征鉴别研究
Shapes,properties and microstructures of gadfly

李军德;黄璐琦;冯学锋;李子;格小光;
LI Junde,HUANG Luqi,FENG Xuefeng,LI Zi,GE Xiaoguang (Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探索虻虫6种主流商品药材性状、显微鉴别特征。方法:药材性状比对,虻虫不同部位及刚毛显微特征测量和比对。结果:双斑黄虻体型较小,长度不超过14 mm,体壁碎片呈黄棕色或浅黄色,刚毛比其他虻虫细小;而其他5种昆虫体长均超过15 mm,体壁碎片多呈棕黑色或灰黑色。结论:虻虫正品药材双斑黄虻与其他5品种可以依据药材性状和体壁碎片颜色,刚毛的长度、基部直径等显微特征鉴别。
Objective: To search and identify the microstructure of medicinal properties of six kinds of gadfly.Method: The medicinal properties,different body parts and bristles microscopic characteristics were compared.Result: The two-spotted yellow gadfly had a smaller size.Its length no more than 14mm,body wall debris was yellow brown or pale yellow,the seta was smaller than that of the other gadflies;while the other five varieties′ body lengths all exceeded 15 mm,and their body wall debris mostly were brown black or gray and black.Conclusion: The authentication between the two-spotted yellow gadfly and the other five varieties can be made by the microscopic characteristics of their medicinal properties,body wall debris colors,bristle lengths,and basal diameters.

关键词(KeyWords): 虻虫;双斑黄虻;药材性状;显微特征;鉴别
gadfly;Atylotus bivittateinus;property;microstructures;identifying

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基金项目(Foundation): 《中国药典》2010版一部标准研究项目(YD-091)

作者(Author): 李军德;黄璐琦;冯学锋;李子;格小光;
LI Junde,HUANG Luqi,FENG Xuefeng,LI Zi,GE Xiaoguang (Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700,China)

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