中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(06) 1574-1579

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浅谈历史地图对分析道地药材产区变迁的意义
Significance of map labelling method to research on evolution of historical production areas of Dao-di herbs

付璐;彭华胜;袁媛;金艳;黄璐琦;
FU Lu;PENG Hua-sheng;YUAN Yuan;JIN Yan;HUANG Lu-qi;National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Postdoctoral Research Station of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

道地药材历史产区的考证及其变迁研究,对道地药材的评价、生产基地建设、地理标志产品保护等具有重要价值。现有研究方法往往集中于对文献史料的梳理,而少有对历史地图的运用。将历史地图引入传统的以文献学、史学为主的道地药材历史产区研究,通过产区名称提取、历史地图标注、产区变迁考证3个步骤,有助于以图像的方式帮助分析道地药材历史产区的范围、变迁过程及演变模式。通过对比不同时期的历史地图,挖掘道地药材产区从古至今的变迁脉络;从产区范围变化、经纬度迁移等角度探讨产区的演变特点;并从环境、气候、人文、经济、政策等多重角度分析道地药材产区的形成及演变的原因。但在道地药材产区历史地图标注的实践中,常有地名刊印错误、地名表述不清、地名对应年代不清、同一地名指代不同地域范围等问题出现,需结合正史地理志、地方志等文献史料考证进一步明确产区范围。此外,可在未来的研究中进一步结合历史地图数据库进行地图标注,将道地药材产区的朝代、名称、范围进行关联,借助于计算机技术分析道地药材的产区变迁特点。
The research on the historical production areas of Dao-di herbs is of great value to the quality evaluation, production base and protection for geographic indications of Dao-di herbs. Current studies mostly focused on the sorting of written sources, but neglected the excavation of image records such as historical maps and topographic maps. This paper aims at exploreing the geographical scope and evolution mode of historical production area of the Dao-di herbs by combining the method of historical map labelling with the traditional literature and historical research methods. It can be divided into three steps: production area name extraction, historical map labelling and textual research on the historical production area of Dao-di herbs. This method may provide a better way to show the geographical scope and topographic features of the historical production areas of Dao-di herbs through historical maps labelling, which is essential to further explore the evolution of production areas of Dao-di herbs from ancient times to the present by comparing historical maps of different periods, and may be helpful to discover the reasons for the formation and evolution of historical producing areas of Dao-di herbs from different perspectives such as environment, climate, humanities, economy, policy, etc. In addition, the historical map database can be used for map labelling to help establish the relationship between the dynasties, historical names, and change cha-racteristics of the scope of the historical production areas of Dao-di herbs in the following research.

关键词(KeyWords): 道地药材;本草考证;地图标注
Dao-di herbs;herbal textual research;map labelling

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金重大项目(81891013);; 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(ZZ10-008)

作者(Author): 付璐;彭华胜;袁媛;金艳;黄璐琦;
FU Lu;PENG Hua-sheng;YUAN Yuan;JIN Yan;HUANG Lu-qi;National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Postdoctoral Research Station of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20201223.104

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