中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(19) 3836-3842

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《中国药典》收载中药海马的基原与性状探讨
Exploration and thoughts about zoological origin and macroscopical identification of Chinese material medica "Haima" in China Pharmacopoeia

蒋超;单锋;袁媛;刘富艳;詹志来;金艳;赵玉洋;黄璐琦;
JIANG Chao;SHAN Feng;YUAN Yuan;LIU Fu-yan;ZHAN Zhi-lai;JIN Yan;ZHAO Yu-yang;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs Breeding Base,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Anhui Medical College;Department of Biomedical,Beijing City University;

摘要(Abstract):

海马为重要动物药材,用药历史悠久,市场混伪品众多。为正本清源,对历代海马本草文字记载、图片和照片进行考证,结合标本馆馆藏动物标本和药源调查,认为我国海马的基原应该是海龙科动物克氏海马Hippocampus kelloggi,1901、棘海马H.spinosissimus,1913、管海马H.kuda,1852、三斑海马H.trimaculatus,1814或日本海马H.mohnikei,1853的干燥体。《中国药典》收载的刺海马H.histrix,1856实为棘海马。并建议对海马性状进行修订,增加鉴别方法,以建立完善的海马质量控制标准。
" Haima"( Hippocampus) has a long history in China as an important traditional animal medicine,but many closely-related members of the Hippocampus genus are also used as Haima in particular regions. To investigate the real origin of " Haima",a herbalogical studies,particularly inpictures and photographs of the ancient literature are corroborated with seahorse specimens in museum,we confirm Chinese material medica " Haima" in China Pharmacopoeia is origin from H. kelloggi,1901,H. spinosissimus,1913,H. kuda,1852,H. trimaculatus,1814,or H. mohnikei,1853. The so-called " Ci Haima" is H. spinosissimus,instead of H. histrix,1856. The paper also suggests to revise of " macroscopical identification" item and add identification methods of " Haima" in China Pharmacopoeia,which may improve quality controls tandards of " Haima".

关键词(KeyWords): 海马;基原;性状鉴别;中国药典
Haima;zoological origin;macroscopical identification;China Pharmacopoeia

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家药典委员会项目(2016-7);; 中医药行业科研专项(201407003);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(ZZ10-008);; 国家杰出青年科学基金项目(81325023)

作者(Author): 蒋超;单锋;袁媛;刘富艳;詹志来;金艳;赵玉洋;黄璐琦;
JIANG Chao;SHAN Feng;YUAN Yuan;LIU Fu-yan;ZHAN Zhi-lai;JIN Yan;ZHAO Yu-yang;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs Breeding Base,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Anhui Medical College;Department of Biomedical,Beijing City University;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2017.0151

参考文献(References):

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