中国中药杂志

1998, (04) 3-5

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来源于铁线莲属透骨草的鉴别研究
Studies on Identification of Tougucao Derived from Clematis Species

王璇,张玉华,蔡少青,陈虎彪,李胜华,御影雅幸,难波恒雄
Wang Xuan,Zhang Yuhua,Cai Shaoqing,Chen Hubiao and Li Shenghua (School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Beijing Medical University,Beijing 100083)Mikage Masayuki(Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Kanazawa University,Kanazawa,Japan 920

摘要(Abstract):

对作透骨草入药的5种铁线莲属植物:黄花铁线莲Clematisintricata、芹叶铁线莲C.aethusifolia、粉绿铁线莲C.glauca、甘青铁线莲C.tangutica和棉团铁线莲C.hexapetala的茎进行了比较形态组织学研究,发现了茎中由初生韧皮纤维束和木化孔纹细胞组成的厚壁细胞环带及薄壁性三生构造环带,并提出了形成层环直径比的参数用于鉴别。根据厚壁细胞环带的有无、毛茸的大小和细胞个数,纤维细胞壁的厚度及RCR值等列出了比较表和检索表,利用检索表可准确鉴别这5种植物
Comparative studies were carried out on the morphology and histology of 5 Clematis species,namely,C.intricata,C.aethusifolia,C.glauca,C.tangutica and C.hexapetala,allegedly used as "Tougucao".New characteristics,a sclerenchymatous ring composed of primary phloem fibers and lignified parenchyma cells,and a parenchymatous tertiary ring were discovered.A parameter representing the ratio of the diameter of cambium ring to the diameter of the stem (RCR) is created.A key for identification of the stems of the above five species is made according to the presence or absence of the sclerenchymatous ring,the diameter and numbers of hair cells,the thickness of fiber wall and the value of RCR,etc.

关键词(KeyWords): 透骨草,铁线莲属,生药鉴定,形态组织学研究
Tougucao;Clematis,identification of crude drugs;morphology and histology

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家“八五”科技攻关资助课题

作者(Author): 王璇,张玉华,蔡少青,陈虎彪,李胜华,御影雅幸,难波恒雄
Wang Xuan,Zhang Yuhua,Cai Shaoqing,Chen Hubiao and Li Shenghua (School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Beijing Medical University,Beijing 100083)Mikage Masayuki(Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Kanazawa University,Kanazawa,Japan 920

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