中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(24) 5951-5957

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新疆吐鲁番盆地中药资源分布特征
Distribution characteristics of Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin, Xinjiang

宋海龙;景志贤;石磊岭;魏青宇;张小波;李晓瑾;
SONG Hai-long;JING Zhi-xian;SHI Lei-ling;WEI Qing-yu;ZHANG Xiao-bo;LI Xiao-jin;Xinjiang Institute of Chinese Materia Medica and Ethnical Materia;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

该研究以第四次全国中药资源普查工作中新疆吐鲁番市的阶段性成果为基础,统计新疆吐鲁番盆地的中药资源种类。运用格网化技术、趋势面分析、全局空间自相关分析、局部空间自相关分析等空间统计学方法对新疆吐鲁番盆地中药资源种类的空间分布差异情况进行分析,明确吐鲁番盆地中药资源种类丰富程度在水平和垂直方向上的总体变化趋势和聚集程度。结果显示:在水平方向上,吐鲁番盆地中部地区中药资源种类丰富度较高,在不同格网大小下,吐鲁番盆地中药资源种类丰富度有较大差异。吐鲁番盆地中药资源丰富度空间尺度效应明显:其中在30 km×30 km尺度下,中药资源种类丰富度呈现较高的空间相关性;在5 km×5 km尺度下中药资源种类丰富度呈现近乎随机分布状态,在80,90,100 km尺度下中药资源种类丰富度,呈现负相关状态。垂直方向上,-154~150 m,900~1 050 m中药资源种类丰富度较高,1 050~1 200 m次之。
Based on the results of the fourth national survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan city, Xinjiang, this study counted the types of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin. The spatial distribution differences of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin of Xinjiang were analyzed by using grid technology, trend surface analysis, global spatial autocorrelation analysis, and local spatial autocorrelation analysis, so as to clarify the overall change trend and aggregation degree of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin in horizontal and vertical directions. The results showed the following: in the horizontal direction, the species richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources in the central part of Turpan Basin was high, and there were great differences in the species richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin under different grid sizes. The spatial scale effect of the richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin is obvious. Among them, under the 30 km×30 km scale, the richness of the types of Chinese medicine resources shows a high spatial correlation, and the richness of the types of Chinese medicine resources at 5 km×5 km scale presents a near random distribution state, and the richness of the types of Chinese medicine resources at 80, 90, and 100 km scale sits negatively related. Vertical direction, Chinese medicine resources appear rich at the range of-154-150 m and 900-1 050 m following by range of 1 050-1 200 m.

关键词(KeyWords): 吐鲁番盆地;中药资源种类;空间分布差异;多样性
Turpan Basin;types of traditional Chinese medicine resources;differences in spatial distribution;diversity

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家“重大新药创制”科技重大专项(2019ZX09201-005);; 国家中医药管理局全国中药资源普查项目(GZY-KJS-2018-004);; 中医药公共卫生服务补助专项(财社[2018]43号)

作者(Author): 宋海龙;景志贤;石磊岭;魏青宇;张小波;李晓瑾;
SONG Hai-long;JING Zhi-xian;SHI Lei-ling;WEI Qing-yu;ZHANG Xiao-bo;LI Xiao-jin;Xinjiang Institute of Chinese Materia Medica and Ethnical Materia;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20201009.101

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