中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(16) 3981-3987

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“萨日德麻”类蒙古族药品种考证研究
Variety textual research of Mongolian medicine of "saradma"

许谨帆;那木汗;阿古拉;晓花;阿如罕;张明旭;娜布其;张春红;李旻辉;
XU Jin-fan;Namuhan;Bo Agula;XIAO hua;Aruhan;ZHANG Ming-xu;Nabuqi;ZHANG Chun-hong;LI Min-hui;Baotou Medical College;Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Hulunbeir Mongolian Medical Hospital;Baotou Mongolian and Chinese Medicine Hospital;Inner Mongolia Research Center of Characteristic Medicinal Plants Cultivation and Protection Engineering Technology;Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Characteristic Geoherbs Resources Protection and Utilization;Key Laboratory of Resourceology of

摘要(Abstract):

蒙古族药(下称蒙药)材作为发展传统蒙医药过程中不可缺少的一部分,在蒙古族医学(下称蒙医)临床治疗方面发挥重要作用,但蒙药品种在使用发展的过程中存在品种混乱现象,限制蒙医药进一步发展。因此需对蒙药正品进行整理研究,以期在应用时发挥最佳治疗效果。"萨日德麻"类蒙药作为根茎叶花果通用的一类利尿消肿益肾药材,对其基原植物进行品种整理及考证,可以为该类药物临床用药安全及蒙药材标准的制定提供科学依据。且历代蒙医药古籍是考证蒙药品种最重要的参考依据,所以通过参考历代蒙医药古籍,采用归纳对比的方式对"萨日德麻"类蒙药进行本草考证、功效总结。据调查考证"萨日德麻"类蒙药正品为宽苞棘豆Oxytropis latibracteata,红花岩黄芪Hedysarum multijugum,紫花黄华Thermopsis barbata,黄芪Astragalus membranaceus,山野豌豆Vicia amoena,蓝花棘豆O.caerulea,不丹黄芪Astragalus bhotanensis,锡金岩黄芪Hedysarum sikkimense。与现代著作进行比对,其资源分布广泛,可以用于治疗寒性水肿、热性水肿、肾源性水肿及不同肿胀病势的浮肿、水肿、水臌。通过"萨日德麻"类蒙药品种考证研究,发现内蒙古地区使用最多的品种为查干-萨日德麻、哈日-萨日德麻、沙日-萨日德麻,均为消肿上品。
Mongolian medicine is an indispensable part in developing traditional Mongolian medicine. This study is aimed to provide a basis for the formulation of clinical and Mongolian medicinal materials standards by clarifying the original plant and species collation of Mongolia medicine of "saradma". Mongolian herbal medicine, as an important part of Mongolian medicine, is needed to study the authentic Mongolian medicine, in order to exert the best therapeutic effect in the application. The Mongolian medicine of "saradma" is a kind of medicinal material for diuresis, reinforcing kidney, and eliminating edema, for which comes from the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and other parts of medicinal plant. The ancient books of Mongolian medicine are the most important reference the research of Mongolian medicine varieties. This review adopts the method of inductive comparison of ancient books in order to summarize the conclusion of Mongolian medicine of "saradma". According to the investigations, Mongolian medicine of "saradma" type is mainly Leguminosae plant, Oxytropis latibracteata, Hedysarum multijugum, Thermopsis barbata, Astragalus membranaceus, Vicia amoena, O. caerulea, Astragalus bhotanensis, Hedysarum sikkimense. Compared with modern works, it is found that the drug has a wide range of resources distribution and application. It can be used for the treatment of cold edema, hot edema, nephrogenic edema, edema, swelling and likes caused by different diseases. Based on the research of Mongolian medicine of "saradma" varieties, it was found that the most commonly used varieties in Inner Mongolia were cayan saradma, xara saradam and sira saradma all of which are all top-grade drugs that reduce swelling.

关键词(KeyWords): 蒙古族药;萨日德麻;品种考证
Mongolian medicine;saradma;variety textual research

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81874336);; 2019年医疗服务与保障能力提升补助资金(中医药事业传承与发展部分)项目(财社[2019]39号);; 国家中药材产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-21);; 重大公共卫生专项(2100409);; 国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAI28B02)

作者(Author): 许谨帆;那木汗;阿古拉;晓花;阿如罕;张明旭;娜布其;张春红;李旻辉;
XU Jin-fan;Namuhan;Bo Agula;XIAO hua;Aruhan;ZHANG Ming-xu;Nabuqi;ZHANG Chun-hong;LI Min-hui;Baotou Medical College;Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Hulunbeir Mongolian Medical Hospital;Baotou Mongolian and Chinese Medicine Hospital;Inner Mongolia Research Center of Characteristic Medicinal Plants Cultivation and Protection Engineering Technology;Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Characteristic Geoherbs Resources Protection and Utilization;Key Laboratory of Resourceology of

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