中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(17) 3233-3237

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《中医内科常见病诊疗指南》临床应用评价研究
Clinical application evaluation of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine

韩学杰;刘孟宇;连智华;王丽颖;史楠楠;赵军;
HAN Xue-jie;LIU Meng-yu;LIAN Zhi-hua;WANG Li-ying;SHI Nan-nan;ZHAO Jun;Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Wangjing Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Guang'anmen Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medicine Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

该文评价《中医内科常见病诊疗指南》的适用性和临床应用情况,为《指南》修订提供依据。由中医药标准研究推广基地完成,评价方法包括适用性评价和应用性评价。适用性评价采用调查问卷方法,评价《指南》的熟悉和使用情况、质量水平、临床适用情况等;应用性评价采用前瞻性病例调查分析方法,评价《指南》的临床应用符合度和应用效果(包括疗效、安全性、经济性)。结果显示,《中医内科常见病诊疗指南》包括中医病证部分(简称中医指南)和西医疾病部分(简称西医指南)。适用性评价结果显示,中医、西医《指南》整体熟悉和使用程度相当,熟悉程度分别为85.43%,84.57%,使用程度分别为52.10%,54.47%;《指南》整体质量较好,其中适用范围和术语使用合理性评分较高,分别为91.94%,93.35%,辨证论治相关内容合理性均在75%以上;适用情况评价较好,其中安全性评分最高;综合评价显示,中医、西医《指南》的适用比例分别为77.73%,75.46%。应用性评价结果显示,《指南》与临床实际应用的符合度较高,除"其他治法"和中医《指南》的"调摄预防"以外评分均达到90%以上;应用效果评价显示,安全性>经济性>疗效;综合评价结果,选择较好的比例(≥7分)在75%~80%。《中医内科常见病诊疗指南》在临床实践中获得了较好的普及和应用,质量水平较高,临床适用性较好,具有良好的安全性和经济性。但存在缺少循证医学方法和创新性等不足,需要在修订中不断完善。
To evaluate the applicability and clinical applications of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine,so as to provide the basis for the revision of the guidelines. This study was completed by the research and promotion base for traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) standard. The methods of applicability evaluation and application evaluation were used in the study. The questionnaires were filled out to evaluate applicability of the guideline,including doctor's familiarity with the guideline,the quality of the guideline,applicable conditions and clinical applications. The prospective case study analysis method was used to evaluate application of the guideline,including evaluation of clinical application compliance and application results( such as clinical effects,safety and economy). There were two parts in the guideline,which were TCM guideline and Western medicine guideline. The results of applicability evaluation showed that there were no obvious differences between TCM guideline and Western medicine guideline in doctor's familiarity with guideline( 85. 43%,84. 57%) and the use of the guideline( 52. 10%,54. 47%); the guidelines with good quality,and higher scores in the scope of application and the use of the term rationality( 91. 94%,93. 35%); the rationality scores of relevant contents in syndrome differentiation and treatment were more than 75%; the applicable conditions were better,and the safety score was the the highest. The comprehensive applicability evaluation showed that the proportion of the application of TCM guideline and Western medicine guideline were 77. 73%,75. 46%,respectively. The results of application evaluation showed that there was high degree coincidence between the guideline with its clinical application; except for " other treatment" and " recuperation and prevention" in TCM,other items got high scores which were more than 90%; in the evaluation of application effects,safety of the guideline was best,economy of the guideline was better,and clincal effect was good. The comprehensive application evaluation showed that 75% ~ 80% doctors were satisfied with the guideline. The Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine has been widely used in clinical practice,which is of high quality,high degree of clinical application,good safety and economy. But there were some disadvantages of the guideline such as lack of evidence-based medicine and innovation,which is need to be improved constantly in the guideline revision.

关键词(KeyWords): 中医内科;中医临床诊疗指南;指南应用评价
Chinese internal medicine;clinical practice guideline in traditional Chinese medicine;evaluation of CPG application

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家中医药管理局项目(ZYYS-2016[0013],ZYYS-2014[20]);; 国家标准化管理委员会项目(Z0446);; 中国中医科学院自主选题项目(JJ2015-61);中国中医科学院“十三五”重点研究项目(Z0483)

作者(Author): 韩学杰;刘孟宇;连智华;王丽颖;史楠楠;赵军;
HAN Xue-jie;LIU Meng-yu;LIAN Zhi-hua;WANG Li-ying;SHI Nan-nan;ZHAO Jun;Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Wangjing Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Guang'anmen Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medicine Sciences;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20170623.003

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