中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(24) 5513-5519

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道地药材“陇药”的形成与发展
Formation and development of Dao-di herbs "Long" medicines

杨丽;刘洋;陈建波;石秀佳;程亚茹;龚燚婷;董玲;孙裕;
YANG Li;LIU Yang;CHEN Jian-bo;SHI Xiu-jia;CHENG Ya-ru;GONG Yi-ting;DONG Ling;SUN Yu;Beijing University of Chinese Medicine;Lanzhou High-tech Zone Management Committee;

摘要(Abstract):

甘肃省地处青藏高原、内蒙古高原和黄土高原三大高原的交汇地带,地跨长江、黄河和内陆河三大流域,处于黄河上游,其特有的自然环境,孕育了丰富的中药资源,因其中药的优良品质而为历代医家所推崇,在天时地利人和的相互作用下一直流传至今,经久不衰。"陇"作为甘肃省的简称之一,不仅是甘肃地域的象征和代表,也是甘肃境内道地药材的映射与标志。该文梳理了甘肃省历史地理的发展变化及"陇药"的历史沿革、"陇药"名称的演变、"陇药"的发展现状与发展局限性,认为甘肃境内道地药材的产区虽然在不同历史时期因复杂多样原因时有变迁,但核心品种却被保留了下来,一直沿用至今,部分中药材的发展规模甚至更加壮大。在中药产业大发展的今天,甘肃省关注到当前省内地域性与科技竞争力等的局限性,在充分发挥自身各大优势的基础上,大力解决"陇药"在省内的瓶颈问题,可助陇药在诸产地药材中脱颖而出,进而为产业大发展与品质优良中药材在临床方面的运用奠定基础。
Gansu province,which spans the Yangtze river,is in the upper reaches of the Yellow river and located at the intersection of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau,the Inner Mongolia plateau and the Loess plateau. All of these areas are highly respected by doctors of all ages as they have enriched the resources of traditional Chinese medicines. In the interaction between the heavens and the earth,the interaction between the people and the future has been passed down to the present. As one of the abbreviations of Gansu province, " Long" is not only the symbol and representative of the Gansu region,but also the symbol of the authentic medicinal materials in Gansu. This paper sorts out the evolution of the name " Long" medicines,the development status and development limitations of " Long" medicines. It is believed that although the production areas of authentic medicinal materials in Gansu have changed in different historical periods,the core varieties have been used ever since. Today,with the great development of the Chinese medicine industry,Gansu province pays attention to the limitations of the current regional and technological competitiveness in the province,and gives full play to its own advantages,which can help the " Long" medicines stand out among the medicinal materials. Furthermore,it lays the foundation for the development of the industry and the application of high quality Chinese herbal medicines in clinical practice.

关键词(KeyWords): 道地药材;甘肃;沿革;陇药
Dao-di herbs;Gansu;history;"Long" medicines

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家中药标准化项目(ZYBZH-Y-GS-10-B);; 宁夏重点研发计划重大科技项目(YS2018YFC170283)

作者(Author): 杨丽;刘洋;陈建波;石秀佳;程亚茹;龚燚婷;董玲;孙裕;
YANG Li;LIU Yang;CHEN Jian-bo;SHI Xiu-jia;CHENG Ya-ru;GONG Yi-ting;DONG Ling;SUN Yu;Beijing University of Chinese Medicine;Lanzhou High-tech Zone Management Committee;

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