中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(19) 4792-4797

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藏族药“生等”的基原、功效考证
Textual research on origin and efficacy of Tibetan medicine "Shengdeng"

邹雪梅;李秋月;仁真旺甲;张艺;
ZOU Xue-mei;LI Qiu-yue;RENZHEN Wang-jia;ZHANG Yi;Academic Inheritance and Innovation Research Center of Ethnic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;School of Ethnic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

"生等"为藏族习用药材,别名众多,基原复杂,混用现象较为严重。为了明确"生等"基原及其药用情况,该文通过查阅《四部医典》《晶珠本草》等藏族医药经典著作,结合藏族医药现代文献,对"生等"的名称、品种、功效进行了考证,厘清了藏族药"生等"的别名、基原物种、主流品种及功能主治。现有文献的整理和分析表明,"生等"具有祛风湿、干黄水、消肿止痛的作用,在藏族医学临床中多用于治疗类风湿性关节炎;其基原品种包括无患子科、鼠李科、三尖杉科、豆科、苏木科、红豆杉科6个科的14种植物;结合"生等"各级法定标准收载情况、资源分布和临床方剂应用情况,认为其主流品种为西藏猫乳Rhamnella gilgitica、文冠木Xanthoceras sorbifolia和小叶鼠李Rhamnus parvifolia,另外儿茶Acacia catechu作为代用品在临床中也广泛应用。对藏族药"生等"的文献梳理和品种考证,有利于提高"生等"的临床应用的安全性、有效性和质量可控性,可为其进一步的标准制定、药效学研究、新药开发等提供科学依据。
"Shengdeng" is a traditional Tibetan medicine, which has many synonyms. It is complex in origin and serious in mi-xing. In order to clarify the origin of "Shengdeng" and its medicinal use, this paper makes a textual research on the name, variety and efficacy of "Shengdeng" by consulting Tibetan medicine classics such as The Four Medical Trantras and Jingzhu Materia Medica, combined with modern literature of Tibetan medicine. It is clear that the synonyms, primitive species, mainstream varieties and functions of Tibetan medicine "Shengdeng". The collation and analysis of the literature shows that "Shengdeng" has effects of treating rheumatism, drying "Huangshui", detumescence and relieving pain, and is mainly used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Tibetan medicine. Its original varieties include 14 species of plants belonging to 6 families: Spicaceae, Rhamnaceae, Cephalotaxus, Leguminosae, Hematoxylaceae and Taxaceae. Combined with the collection of legal standards at all levels, the distribution of resources and the application of clinical prescriptions, it is considered that the mainstream species of "Shengdeng" are Rhamnella gilgitica, Xanthoceras sorbifolia, Rhamnus parvifolia. As a substitute, Acacia catechu is also widely used in clinic. The literature review and variety textual research on Tibetan medicine "Shengdeng" is helpful to improve the safety, effectiveness and quality controllability of its clinical application, and provide scientific basis for its further standard setting, pharmacodynamics research, new drug development and so on.

关键词(KeyWords): 藏族药;生等;基原;功效
Tibetan medicine;Shengdeng;origin;efficacy

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划“中医药现代化研究”重点专项(2017YFC1703900);; 四川省药品监督管理局中药(民族药)标准提升项目(510201201903121)

作者(Author): 邹雪梅;李秋月;仁真旺甲;张艺;
ZOU Xue-mei;LI Qiu-yue;RENZHEN Wang-jia;ZHANG Yi;Academic Inheritance and Innovation Research Center of Ethnic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;School of Ethnic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

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DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190722.103

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