中国中药杂志

2004, (08)

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肉苁蓉属及其寄主植物病虫害种类调查及防治研究
Occurrence and control of pests about Cistanche deserticola and its hosts

陈君,刘同宁,朱兴华,程惠珍
CHEN Jun~1, LIU Tong-ning~2, ZHU Xing-hua~1, CHEN Hui-zhen~1 (1.Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100094, China; 2.Ningxia Yongning Plantation of Liquorice Root, Yinchuan 750104, China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的 :明确危害肉苁蓉属及其寄主植物的病虫害种类及发生特点 ,研究主要病虫害的防治技术。方法 :在宁夏、内蒙、新疆等肉苁蓉主产区 ,调查肉苁蓉属及寄主的病虫害种类 ;在宁夏种植基地对严重危害荒漠肉苁蓉的地下害虫黄褐丽金龟Anomalaexoleta发生及危害进行调查 ,并进行田间防治试验。结果 :肉苁蓉属及其寄主植物的病虫害种类有 17种 ,其中对肉苁蓉危害严重的害虫为黄褐丽金龟 ,田间防治试验表明 ,4 0 %辛硫磷乳油 10 0 0倍、2 0 0 0倍、3%辛硫磷颗粒剂 [8kg·(6 6 7m2 ) -1]对黄褐丽金龟的防治效果达 10 0 % ,3%辛硫磷颗粒剂 [4kg·(6 6 7m2 ) -1]田间防治效果达 88.2 3%。结论 :人工种植肉苁蓉受到多种病虫害的危害 ,辛硫磷可有效为害荒漠地下害虫黄褐丽金龟
Objective: To investigate the kinds and occurrence of pests of Cistanche deserticola and its hosts so as to find ways of pest control. Method: Pests of C. deserticola and its hosts were investigated in Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia where C. deserticola grows, the occurrence of Anomala titanis Reitter was investigated in the field, and phoxim was used for field control. Result: There are 17 kinds of pests which harm C. deserticola and its hosts. Phoxim 40% EC 1 000 times, 2 000 times and Phoxim 3% GR [8 kg·(667 m~2)~(-1)] had 100% controlling effect, and 3% GR [4 kg·(667 m)~(-2)~(-1)] had 88.23% controlling effect. Conclusion: Many kinds of pests can harm the C. deserticola and its hosts. Phoxim is good for killing A. titanis Reitter.

关键词(KeyWords): 肉苁蓉;害虫;调查;防治
Cistanche deserticola; pests; investigate; control

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家科技部“十五”科技攻关项目 ( 2 0 0 1BA70 10 96b) ;; 国家科技部西部专项项目 ( 2 0 0 2BA90 1A3 2 )

作者(Author): 陈君,刘同宁,朱兴华,程惠珍
CHEN Jun~1, LIU Tong-ning~2, ZHU Xing-hua~1, CHEN Hui-zhen~1 (1.Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100094, China; 2.Ningxia Yongning Plantation of Liquorice Root, Yinchuan 750104, China)

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