中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(12) 2982-2991

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基于区块链的道地药材高质量发展和认证系统建设探讨
Discussion on high quality development and authentication system construction of Dao-di herbs based on blockchain

张小波;王慧;郭兰萍;何小龙;杨光;李梦;何雅莉;詹志来;黄璐琦;
ZHANG Xiao-bo;WANG Hui;GUO Lan-ping;HE Xiao-long;YANG Guang;LI Meng;HE Ya-li;ZHAN Zhi-lai;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Research Center for Quality Evaluation of Dao-di Herbs;China Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

道地药材是中医临床用药的重要组成部分,也是历史留给人类的宝贵财富、蕴含着深厚的中国传统文化内涵,在支撑和服务中医药事业发展中具有重要的作用。国家各部委出台的相关政策文件中,多有关于促进道地药材保护和发展等工作的相关内容和要求。由于道地药材产业链条较长、涉及环节较多,生产涉及主体多、地点多、种类多、周期长等特点。中药材高质量发展,对道地药材产业上下游之间、各生产主体之间的联动,全过程溯源和信息共享等方面提出了新的、更高的要求。该文以道地药材认证工作为应用场景和切入点,探索基于区块链的道地药材认证体系建设。以充分利用区块链、物联网、大数据等信息化方面的现代技术,通过管理者、生产者、使用者和公众等多方共同参与,将道地药材生产和使用过程的信息进行融合,形成相互连通的信息共享应用模式,服务和促进道地药材产业高质量发展。建议重点做好以下工作:建立道地药材认证制度和激励机制,从宏观组织管理和业务活动层面形成多方共识、畅通数据信息获取渠道,实现认证的制度化;建立认证相关标准规范,明确道地药材标准、认定工作指南、及信息化等相关工作依据的标准规范,实现认证的规范化;建设配套硬件系统,辅助道地药材生产信息采集、交互共享和过程监管等,促进认证的网络化;研发基于区块链的服务平台,辅助进行道地药材生产主体身份、产地区域、产量范围、生产过程、产品质量和品牌信誉等方面的信息核验、交互共享,促进认证的数字化;共享应用生产数据,推动道地药材价值的自我展现,促进认证的自觉主动化和社会化;融合应用现代技术方法,服务生产主体采集当下数据,促进认证的现代化。据此,强化道地药材的社会监督、保障放心消费、服务产业高质量发展。
Dao-di herbs are an important part of clinical medicine in traditional Chinese medicine. They are also precious wealth left to human beings from history, which contain deep traditional Chinese cultural connotations and play an important role in supporting and serving the Chinese medicine business. The relevant policy documents introduced by various national ministries and commissions have many contents and requirements related to the promotion of Dao-di herbs protection and industrial development. Due to the Dao-di herbs industry has a series of characteristics, such as a long chain, many involved links, long cycles, multiple production entities, multiple locations, and various types, the high-quality development of the industry has put forward higher requirements on the linkage between upstream and downstream, production entities, traceability of the whole process and information sharing. This article takes Dao-di herbs certification work as an application scenario and entry point, and discusses it from the perspective of block chain and information technology. It proposes the following work ideas: establish multi-party consensus from the macro-organizational management, business, and operational technical levels, and unblock channels for data and information, to achieve institutionalization of certification; establish certification-related standards and specifications to achieve certification standardization; build a certification hardware system to achieve certification networking; build a certification software system to develop functions for specific information content such as identity, origin, production, production process, quality, product and brand of authentic medicinal material production interactively, and realize certification programmatic; data security and sharing of related production activities to achieve socialization of certification. Make full use of modern technologies such as blockchain, the internet of things, big data and information technology, and through the joint participation of management, production, use and the public, the whole process information of Daodi herbs is integrated to form an interconnected information sharing application mode, thus, to serve and promote the high-quality development of Dao-di herbs industry.

关键词(KeyWords): 区块链;道地药材;认证系统;高质量发展
blockchain;Dao-di herbs;authentication system;high-quality development

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1701603,2017YFC1700701);; 科技基础性工作专项(2013FY114500);; 国家中医药管理局委托项目(GZY-KJS-2018-004,GZY-KJS-2018-016-08,GZY-KJS-2019-001,GZY-FJS-2019-013);; 国家自然科学基金重大项目(81891014);; 国家“重大新药创制”科技重大专项(2019ZX09201-005);; 宁夏回族自治区重点研发计划项目(2017BY079);; 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 国家人口健康科学数据中心项目(NCMI-KE01N-201905);; 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-21)

作者(Author): 张小波;王慧;郭兰萍;何小龙;杨光;李梦;何雅莉;詹志来;黄璐琦;
ZHANG Xiao-bo;WANG Hui;GUO Lan-ping;HE Xiao-long;YANG Guang;LI Meng;HE Ya-li;ZHAN Zhi-lai;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Research Center for Quality Evaluation of Dao-di Herbs;China Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

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