中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(17) 3267-3274

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人参无公害农田栽培技术体系及发展策略
Research on technology regulation of non-polluted cultivation and strategies of Panax ginseng cultivation in farmland

沈亮;李西文;徐江;董林林;张乃嘦;藤原直树;陈士林;
SHEN Liang;LI Xi-wen;XU Jiang;DONG Lin-lin;ZHANG Nai-wu;NAOLI Fujihara;CHEN Shi-lin;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medicinal Sciences;China Medico Corporation;Tsumura & Co.;

摘要(Abstract):

随着国家对伐林栽参可用林地的逐步限制,农田栽参将成为人参种植产业发展的主要模式,而无公害生产是未来人参产业发展的重要方向。通过多年农田栽参研究数据及产区调研结果,该文制订了人参无公害农田栽培技术体系。该体系包括人参生态适宜性数值区划确定农田栽参栽培用地、无公害种植方法、田间管理、病虫害防治、采收加工及质量控制等内容。该文提出农田栽参土壤修复,建立病虫害综合防治平台,培育适宜农田栽培的抗逆新品种,建立人参无公害种植产地溯源系统等技术策略,以促进农田栽参种植产业的健康可持续发展。
As the limit of the usage of available forest land,cultivated ginseng in the farmland would become the mainly Panax ginseng planting mode,meanwhile the non-polluted production technology would be the mainly development direction in the future. In this study,the non-polluted cultivation technology system of P. ginseng was established based on the research results of field investigation in the cultivated regions. The system includes suitable planting regions selecting,planting method,field management,pest control,harvesting & processing,and quality control. Aimed at the serious issues in the cultivation,research strategies have been provided to guarantee the sustainable development of the ginseng industry. The patterns of soil restoration after P. ginseng cultivation,establishment the platform of comprehensive disease & pest control,breeding new varieties for high stress tolerance and resistance,and a traceability system for P. ginseng cultivation. In all,these strategies was considered to largely developing of the ginseng industry in the green and sustainable way.

关键词(KeyWords): 人参;无公害种植;生态适宜性;土壤修复;产地溯源
Panax ginseng;non-polluted cultivation;ecological suitability;soil remediation;origin traceability

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家中药标准化项目(ZYBZH-Y-TJ-43);; 中国博士后科学基金项目(2017M611128)

作者(Author): 沈亮;李西文;徐江;董林林;张乃嘦;藤原直树;陈士林;
SHEN Liang;LI Xi-wen;XU Jiang;DONG Lin-lin;ZHANG Nai-wu;NAOLI Fujihara;CHEN Shi-lin;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medicinal Sciences;China Medico Corporation;Tsumura & Co.;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2017.0130

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